Members of IAPCHE at the 5th Latin America Consultation in San José, Costa Rica in September 2014
Latin America Consultation

Breakout Session 2

1:30-3:00 pm, Monday, June 5

2A - Advice to the Church in North America



“What would your church in the Majority World like to say to the church in North America?”  
From 2006-2016, more than 200 undergraduate students in the Human Needs and Global Resources (HNGR) program at Wheaton College (IL, USA) have interviewed church pastors in more than 30 countries worldwide, asking this very question.  This paper reports on emergent themes and recommendations from these Christian leaders in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.


Human Needs and Global Resources (HNGR) // Wheaton College // Wheaton, Illinois, United States

  • Alexander H. Jones, Assistant Director
  • Mandy Kellums, Student Support Coordinator




2B - Learning from International Students in North America


Minority Status and What We Must Learn: A Case Study of International Students


From a mixed method study of 405 Christian international students representing 65 countries, Dr. McGill presents their navigation of identities at different points of migration: as an ethnic minority during their study abroad and as a religious minority in returning to their country of origin. How did they negotiate their cultural, religious and ethnic identities in local contexts, particularly when cultural and religious norms were disparate? Recommendations for North American educators will be offered.


Jenny McGill, Regional Dean for Northern Indiana and Illinois // Indiana Wesleyan University // Marion, Indiana, United States


What do international students studying in the USA tell us about their identity formation? 


Identity formation is one of the major developmental challenges of emerging adulthood.  For international students studying in the USA, there can be unique identity challenges.  I will present results of a large Calvin College survey that examined issues of race, gender, vocation, self-esteem, intrinsic religiosity, identity processing, and career decision self-efficacy.  In our data analyses, we will listen for the unique voice of international students as we compare them to USA students.


Julie E. Yonker, Associate Professor of Psychology // Calvin College // Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States

Megan McNamara, Student // Calvin College // Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States




2C - The Formative Impact of Study Abroad


Crossing borders, prepare and reflect! 


Driestar Christian University offers a six-month international program on Christian Education in the Bachelor-program. The past six years students from all over the world attended this program and our students went abroad. We have carried out an evaluation study into the effects on professional, personal, intercultural and spiritual development a few years ago.  The next step was to learn from these outcomes and redesign the program. In this session we will present this good practice and look back and forward. This may be a good starting point to discuss some feasible ways to prepare and reflect on international experiences. 


Lydia Bor, International Officer // Driestar Christian University // Gouda, the Netherlands


Listening with Humility


Last academic year I started incorporating materials on cultural humility in a course preparing Spanish majors for their Study-abroad semester. Discussions about culture, adding the concept of humility assisted them in the process of opening their eyes and ears to new situations, people and ways of expression, and infused their critical reflections during their time abroad. Certainly, the concept of humility is crucial for effective intercultural engagement, and listening is one of its essential components. 


Diana Gonzalez, Assistant Professor of Spanish // Northwestern College // Orange City, Iowa, United States




2D - Philosophical Reflections in the Global Context


Christian Higher Education in a Kingdom Perspective


The world in which we educate is flooded with distorted worldviews. Both students and faculty members require biblically-informed guidance to grow as discerning listeners and contributors in all their academic endeavours. This presentation will explore the important contribution of Christian philosophy (with particular reference to the philosophical foundations of the disciplines) in meeting this challenge in the global context.


Daniël Francois Malherbe Strauss, Professor of Philosophy // North-West University Potchefstroom Campus // Potchefstroom, South Africa


Secularism and Education in Western and Non-Western Contexts: A Christian Critique


The concept of “secular” has exhibited similar, but also at times significantly different, characteristics in western compared to non-western cultures, particularly in the area of education. Yet in these globally interconnected times, it’s vital that we understand the cultural variances relating to this concept if authentic communication and interaction is to occur, and if we are to be able to bring a faithful gospel witness to our activities as Christian educators. This paper will seek to explore cultural similarities and differences that surround the important concept of secularism, and suggest mechanisms for authentic Christian educational practices and partnerships that are sensitive to cultural difference, and which also are appropriate and dynamic in a globally interconnected world. 


Richard Edlin, President // Edserv International // Warrawong, New South Wales, Australia




2E - Learning from Indigenous Sources



Listening to Learn: an Aymara case study


Historically, Catholic and Protestant Christians have long considered the religion of the Aymara Indians, chiefly from Bolivia and Peru, as polytheistic.  Dr. Carlos Intipampa, an Aymara from Bolivia, considers this judgment to be faulty.  Since Carlos studied under my supervision for theological training, my desire is to present his position and his contribution to the dialogue between Christians and the Aymara people.  From this study we conclude the urgency of listening to the other before evaluating his or her culture and religious commitment.


Sidney H. Rooy, Professor Emeritus of History and Missions // ISEDET // Buenos Aires, Argentina


From the World to the South of Peru: the experience of a higher Catholic education in a diverse country


Peru is a diverse country with various language traditions (Spanish, quechua and Aymara), territories (coasts, high mountains and jungles), ethnicities (Indians, African, European and Asian), and traditions. Currently the processes of secularization, urbanization and migration are reshaping the Peruvian society to be even more complex. In this reality, Universidad Católica San Pablo is using different initiatives to work for the common good through the reunion of different social actors and groups in order to promote a more human and reconciled society.   


Carlos Fernando Timaná Kure, Master in Government and Public Policy // Universidad Católica San Pablo // Arequipa, Peru



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